Java Performance Tuning Workshop EXL-2025

kurz

Základní info

In this Extreme Learning expert-led courses, you will learn a blend of tuning methodology, performance theory and practical tips on solving difficult performance problems. You will have an opportunity to hone your skills on a series of labs that are derived from real problems found during our consulting experience. The tools learned are all freely available or open source and will equip you to immediately apply what you have learned in your workplace. No more suffering through slow, under performing applications. You will learn how to develop code with performance as the goal and the end user in mind.About Extreme Learning: Get taught directly by the experts and interact with peers in an engaging informal environment. These are intensive, deep dive training sessions designed for advanced IT professionals which incorporate expert-led presentations.Students who can benefit from this courseJava developers and Quality Assurance engineers

Prerequisites:

  • Intermediate to advanced level knowledge of Java Standard Edition (Java SE) versions 1.6 and beyond.
  • Familiarity with the Java Enterprise Edition (Java EE).

Objectives:

  • understand the importance of the user experience
  • find the tools needed to conduct a performance investigation
  • administer benchmarking and micro-benchmarking
  • understand Java memory and execution models

Topics:

Introduction

  • defining performance
  • identifying causes of poor performance
  • introduction to aspects of performance tuning

Performance Tuning Methodology

  • introduction to The Box, an abstraction of a computer system
  • hardware's role in performance
  • JVM and operating systems role in performance applications role in performance
  • actors role in performance
  • performance testing workflow
  • using the dominate consumer to identify bottlenecks
  • role of hardware and JVM/OS role of application
  • role of tooling

Time

  • responsiveness
  • how to measure time
  • logging to monitor performance
  • common performance problems

Memory

  • System level monitoring
  • Memory management
  • Garbage collection algorithms
  • Heap tuning

Performance Testing

  • objectives, types and components
  • differences between closed and open test harnesses
  • performance testing environment performance testing pitfalls
  • performance testing goals
  • GUI testing
  • web based performance testing
  • introduction to Apache JMeter
  • test doubles for performance

Monitoring Hardware

  • important components of hardware to monitor
  • hardware monitoring tools for CLM
  • Unix/Linux monitoring
  • introduction to vmstat
  • case studies of how different performance problems show up in vmstat
  • relating vmstat output to application code
  • Windows monitoring

Java Memory Management

  • process organization
  • JVM heap organization (Sun and IBM)
  • reference counting and tracing collectors
  • hemispheric and generational collectors
  • parallel and concurrent collectors
  • G1 collector and GC ergonomics
  • effects of OS and hardware on GC
  • switches affecting JVM memory management

Object Life-cycles

  • some terminology
  • finialization
  • reference objects and collection rules
  • soft
  • weak
  • phantom
  • ReferenceQueue
  • WeakHashMap

Monitoring Garbage Collection

  • JVM flags for monitoring GC (Sun, IBM)
  • GC log record format
  • Secondary information hidden in GC logs
  • GC sequential overhead
  • GCViewer
  • HPJMeter

Interprocess communications

  • RMI tracing
  • socket tracing
  • JDBC Monitoring

Threading

  • Java support for threading
  • Synchronization explained
  • Synchronized statement and keyword
  • Producer consume with performance implications of choices
  • Little's Law
  • reducing lock contention
  • Java 5 locking optimizations

Java Management eXtentions

  • review of JMX based tools
  • Defining your own MBeans for performance monitoring
  • defining an mbean
  • adding attributes and operations
  • hooking an mbean into the notification framework
  • AttributeBundles

Profilers

  • role of profiling
  • profiling techniques
  • Execution, memory, and thread profiling
  • Tools: prof, hprof, HPJMeter, NetBeans Profiler
  • when to use which profiler
  • effects of Object pooling
  • diagnosing memory problems: loitering object and leaking object
  • permspace leaks

Performance Tactics

  • effects of human perception
  • tuning strategy
  • influences on performance
  • latency
  • CPU, I/O, memory bottlenecks
  • garbage collection tactics
  • heap sizing
  • The Box as a profiling guide

Benchmarking

  • macro and microbenchmarks
  • dangers of benchmarking
  • accounting for interfering factors
  • developing a micro-benchmark
  • performance tuning a benchmark
  • benchmark validation
  • macro-benchmarking
  • test harness validation

Collections

  • coding style for custom implied collections
  • Review of standard 1.5 collection types
  • introduction to non-blocking collections

Serialization

  • purpose and performance implications
  • review of serialization
  • optimizing serialization

Java Performance Tuning Workshop EXL-2025

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